Film History Unit Notes:

Old Film Clips:
A TRIP TO THE MOON

SMASHING PUMPKINS VIDEO

The Great Train Robbery

A TRIP TO THE MOON QUESTIONS/ARTICLES

General

Thomas Edison--known as the Father of Film;
Edison and the Birth of Cinema
Black Maria--first film studio (Edison's); Orange, NJ
Dickson--actual inventor of the kinetograph
edison_2.jpg
The Black Maria


3 main early projectors:
Kinetoscope
Cinematograph (Lumier Bros.--multiple viewers)
Vitascope
Kinetoscope-1.jpg
Kinetoscope


*3 advantages cinematograph had over the kinetoscope:
1. More portable
2. Advanced projection system
3. Multiple viewers at 1 time

Edwin Porter--Father of Cinematography (Great Train Robbery--1st Western/shot out of sequence)
Georges Melies--A Trip to the Moon (1st Fantasy/Sci-fi film)
The Jazz Singer--First "Talkie"
Flowers & Trees--First animated technicolor film
Snow White & the Seven Dwarfs--First full-length animated feature film

3 main early East-Coast film companies:
1. Edison Co.
2. Biograph
3. Vitagraph

MPPC-Motion Picture Patent Corp.--controlled which films were released to theatres & artistic direction of many films; had tremendous influence over studios

3 main reasons independent studios moved west:
1. Good weather
2. Cheap land
3. Exotic locations

Industry growth spawns various professions:
Actors, studios, directors, producers, banks, equipment makers, theatre owners, agents, wardrobe makers/costumiers, script writers, cinematographers, etc.

Film Stars of the 1920s:
Mary Pickford--"Our Mary"
Charlie Chaplin--"The Kid"
Clara Bow--The "It" Girl--First female sex symbol
Rudolph Valentino--"The Sheik"--First male sex symbol
Lon Chaney--"Man of 1000 Faces"

Hollywood Studio System--the studio signed young actors/actresses to contracts & controlled:
*How they looked
*How they spoke
*What they said
*Who they dated
*Where they lived
*Who/when they married
*If they would have a child or terminate a pregnancy
If you broke the terms of the contract, you would be fired and not likely to be hired by any other studio!

2 Main West-Coast Early Film Studios:
1. MGM
2. 20th Century Fox

1950s--American Culture=Post-War Affluence
1. More money
2. More leisure time
3. Baby Boom

*Monster Movie Decade--result of a Nuclear Age Mentality; horror of the bomb/radiation's effects

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