1ST AMENDMENT CASE LAW



OVERVIEW: Understanding legal rulings concerning the First Amendment is an important part of being an informed citizen of our country. These rulings can affect everything from how you dress for school, whether you have to go to school and what you are allowed to do/say in school!

You and your group will be assigned a court case to research. You will then teach the basics of the case to the class. Students are responsible for taking brief notes during each lesson.


STEP 1:
DECIDE WHO WILL EXPLAIN THE PLAINTIFF’S ARGUMENT IN THE CASE. DECIDE WHO WILL EXPLAIN THE DEFENDANT’S ARGUMENT. DECIDE WHO WILL EXPLAIN THE SUMMARY OF THE COURT RULING. 2 MINUTES

STEP 2:
EACH PERSON LOOKS UP THE CASE USING THEIR CHROMEBOOK AND READS/SELECTS RELEVANT INFORMATION TO USE. 30 MINUTES

STEP 3:
AS A GROUP, DISCUSS WHAT YOU PLAN TO EXPLAIN TO THE CLASS. IF YOU NEED TO USE THE BOARD, YOU CAN. 10 MINUTES

STEP 4:
TEACH THE CLASS YOUR CASE. PLAINTIFF’S ARGUMENT FIRST. DEFENDANT’S ARGUMENT NEXT. SUMMARY OF THE COURT’S RULING LAST. 8-15 MINUTES

TIPS:
*LOOK UP WORDS WHICH ARE UNFAMILIAR TO YOU. READING COMPREHENSION IS GREATLY ASSISTED WITH THE AMAZING CAPACITY OF THE WORLD’S BIGGEST DICTIONARY (THE INTERNET!!).
*PLAINTIFF IS THE PERSON/GROUP WHO SUES.
*DEFENDANT IS THE PERSON/GROUP BEING SUED.
*SUMMARY OF THE COURT’S RULING IS WHAT THE VERDICT IS AND WHO WON THE CASE.

WHEN PRESENTING, USE THIS SAMPLE FORMAT:

MY NAME IS LAURA AND I'M GOING TO EXPLAIN THE PLAINTIFF'S ARGUMENT IN WISCONSIN VS YODER.
WISCONSIN REFERS TO THE STATE OF WISCONSIN. THE STATE HAD A LAW THAT SAID KIDS HAVE TO GO TO SCHOOL UNTIL AGE 16. THE STATE THINKS THAT THE LAW STILL APPLIES EVEN IF A KID'S FAMILY DOESN'T SEND THEM TO SCHOOL FOR RELIGIOUS REASONS. THEY FEEL KIDS SHOULD GO TO SCHOOL UNTIL AGE 16 SO THEY WILL BE WELL ROUNDED AND CAN HAVE A GOOD EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION.

MY NAME IS JEFF AND I'M GOING TO EXPLAIN THE DEFENDANT'S ARGUMENT IN WISCONSIN VS YODER.
YODER REFERS TO AN AMISH FAMILY WHO DID NOT SEND THEIR KIDS TO SCHOOL BECAUSE OF THEIR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS. IN THE AMISH RELIGION, KIDS DON'T HAVE TO GO TO SCHOOL BEYOND THE 8TH GRADE. THE YODER FAMILY FEELS THIS IS ALL THE EDUCATION A CHILD NEEDS TO FUNCTION WELL IN AMISH SOCIETY. THEY THINK THE STATE SHOULDN'T FORCE THEM TO SEND THEIR KIDS TO SCHOOL UNTIL AGE 16, SINCE IT VIOLATES THEIR FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION.

MY NAME IS SARA AND I'M GOING TO EXPLAIN THE SUMMARY OF THE COURT'S RULING IN WISCONSIN VS YODER. IN 1972, THE U.S. SUPREME COURT FOUND THAT WISCONSIN COULD NOT REQUIRE THE YODER CHILDREN TO ATTEND SCHOOL UNTIL AGE 16 SINCE IT WOULD VIOLATE THEIR FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION. THE COURT SAID THAT THE STATE OF WISCONSIN COULDN'T PROVE THAT HAVING 2 MORE YEARS OF EDUCATION WOULD MAKE ANY REAL DIFFERENCE IN HOW A CHILD COULD CONTRIBUTE TO SOCIETY SO THE AMISH KIDS ONLY HAD TO ATTEND UNTIL 8TH GRADE. THIS RULING GIVES PARENTS MORE SAY SO IN HOW THEIR CHILDREN ARE EDUCATED RELATED TO RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE.

USE THE LINKS BELOW FOR INFO ON EACH CASE:

TINKER V DES MOINES INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT

HAZELWOOD SCHOOL DISTRICT V KUHLMEIER

A.M. V TACONIC HILLS CENTRAL SCHOOL DISTRICT

WEST VIRGINIA STATE BOE V BARNETTE

WILD CARD CASE-ELONIS VS U.S.